Wind: Larger turbines = lower cost of energy
Wind turbines harness the energy of moving air to generate electricity.
What is an onshore wind?
Onshore wind refers to turbines located on land. Onshore wind has the advantage of being one of the most affordable renewable energy sources. Generating electricity from onshore wind turbines typically costs around 7–9p per kWh which is around half the cost of offshore wind and a quarter of the costs of solar photovoltaic panels. Onshore wind generation is still slightly more expensive than fossil fuels (generating electricity from gas power plants currently costs between 4.1 and 7.5 p/kWh), but its price is expected to fall in the coming years.
What is an offshore wind?
Offshore turbines are located out at sea or in freshwater. Offshore wind power or offshore wind energy is the use of wind farms constructed in bodies of water, usually in the ocean, to harvest wind energy to generate electricity. The cost of offshore wind power has historically been higher than that of onshore wind generation, but costs have been decreasing rapidly in recent years to $78/MWh in 2019.
Objective of India of renewable energy capacity
India has set a target of installing 175 gigawatts (GW) of renewable energy capacity in the country by 2022, of which a majority is proposed to be met by solar (100 GW) and wind (60 GW) energy. India has set a target to reach a total wind capacity of 60 GW by 2022 and 140 GW by 2030, project installation have been decelerating recently, with only 2.3 GW installed in 2019, nearly half of the 4.1 GW installed in 2017.
Lits of Top wind turbine makers and Suppliers in India
Siemens Gamesa seized the top spot in the manufacturers’ rankings in 2019, toppling the domestic supplier Suzlon. Operational issues at other manufacturers, and the competitive nature of Siemens Gamesa, helped it reach the top position. The company was able to seize 453MW of new turbine orders from Alfanar Company that were originally supposed to be supplied by Senvion.
Suzlon Energy Limited (NSE:SUZLONEQ, BSE:532667) is an Indian wind turbine manufacturer based in Pune, India. It was formerly ranked by MAKE as the world’s fifth largest wind turbine supplier. Suzlon’s market share in total installations dropped to 19% in 2019, from 41% in 2018 as the company faced financial and operational challenges. Suzlon installed 0.46GW of projects in 2019, 50% lower than its installations in 2018.
World Wind (India)
Wind World India is a Mumbai-based company formed in 1994. Wind World is involved in the manufacturing of concrete and steel Wind Turbine Generators which are manufactured at facilities located in Daman whereas concrete towers are manufactured at Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Gujarat employing more than 5,000 people.
Regen Powertech private limited
ReGen is a wind turbine manufacturer operating from Chennai. Established in 1994, ReGen has its manufacturing facility located in Tada, Andhra Pradesh. ReGen offers various wind power generation related services which includes manufacturing, consultancy, supply, erection, operations, commissioning and maintenance.
Inox Wind limited
INOX Wind Limited (BSE: 539083) is an Indian wind energy service provider. Headquartered in Noida, India, the company is a subsidiary of Gujarat Fluorochemicals Limited. Inox Wind Limited manufactures wind turbine generators, or WTGs, and provides services including wind resource assessment, site acquisition, infrastructure development, erection and commissioning, and long term operations and maintenance of wind power projects. Inox Wind was ranked at 167th position in Business Today’s list of 500 most valuable companies in India in 2015. Its manufacturing facilities are located in Ahmedabad, Gujrat and Una, Himachal Pradesh.
Orient Green Power Limited
Chennai-based wind generation company, Orient Green is a joint venture between Shriram EPC and Bessemer Venture Partners. The company, formed in 2006, is a leading player in renewable energy sector in the country and producer of bio-gas, biomass, wind energy and hydroelectric projects. The Company has annual capacity to produce 466 MW electricity and plans to expand to 1,000 MW.
Indowind Energy Limited
Indowind Energy Ltd is a Wind energy company, which offers various services in wind power sector such as developing wind farms for sale and generating wind power. The company has its headquarters in Chennai and has branch offices located at Mumbai and Madurai.
RRB Energy Limited (India)
RRB Energy Limited is a privately owned company that serves in the realm of wind power generation based out of New Delhi. The production plants of the company are based in Delhi and Tamil Nadu. RRB Energy has nationwide presence in India from Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Gujarat and Rajasthan. The company also has a government approved R&D facility which develops higher MW capacity turbines.
Vestas India – International Players
Denmark-based Vestas is the largest wind turbine manufacturer in the world. Vestas was founded in 1945 in Aarhus, Denmark. Vestas started running operations in India in 1979 in the manufacturing and development of wind energy farms. Established in 1979, the company is a market leader in Wind energy generation in the world and has existence in more than 70 countries and installed 57 GigaWatt. The company has over 24 branch offices employing over 17,000 employees worldwide.
In India, Vestas has wind farms in Karnataka.
Enercon India Pvt limited – International Players
Enercon is a wind Energy company founded in 1983 and has a power generation capacity of around 28 GW. Based in Germany, the company offers services such as Power Generation, Technical and Business Support, Process & Industrial and New Plant Services. In India, Enercon runs its operations under the Banner Wind World Ltd.
Gamesa wind turbines private limited – International Players
Gamesa was formed in 1976 and is a global manufacturer of wind turbines and a market leader in construction and development of wind farms. Headquartered in Zamudio (Spain), it is ranked fourth largest manufacturer of wind turbines in the world. Gamesa has its wind projects located in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
GE Wind Energy Limited – International Players
Global wind turbine manufacturer GE Wind Energy Ltd. was incorporated in the year 1980 in Fairfield, U.S. The Company mainly makes 26 GW of low and medium-voltage frequency converters which are installed on wind turbines.
Other Wind turbine makers and Suppliers in India
- Senvion Wind Technology Private
- Siva Wind Turbine India Private Limited
- Envision Wind Power Technologies India
- PASL Wind Solution (P) Limited
- Southern Wind Farms Ltd
- Siemens Gamesa Renewable Power Private Limited
- NuPower Technologies Private Limited
- RRB Energy Ltd
- Nordex India Private Limited
- Leitwind Shriram Manufacturing Pvt Ltd
- Para Enterprises Pvt. Ltd.
- Emergya Wind Turbine Pvt. Ltd
Lits of Top wind turbine makers and manufacturers in the world
- China National Materials
- General Electric
- Sinoi GMBH
- Suzlon Energy
- Vestas Wind Systems
- Enercon GMBH
- Powerblades GMBH
- SGL Rotec GMBH